1. This site uses cookies. By continuing to use this site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Learn More.
  2. Hey Guest, We're having our annual Winter Moot and we'd love you to come. PLEASE LOOK HERE to secure your place and get more information.
    For forum threads CLICK HERE
    Dismiss Notice

What do you reccon to these soil layers?

Discussion in 'Bushcraft Chatter' started by petrochemicals, Jun 2, 2018.

  1. petrochemicals

    petrochemicals Full Member

    Joined:
    Jul 30, 2012
    Messages:
    3,417
    Likes Received:
    160
    Location:
    westmidlands
    I found these exposed soil layers, quite interesting, 3 layers, current brown layer divided by a small black line, I suppose from the burning of the land, then a very dark brown gray layer and then a sandy gravelly layer. The gravel at the bottom is just the accumulation that falls out of the face
    IMG_20180531_104525.jpg

    My thoughts where the different land uses over time, grass woodland and glacial.?
     
  2. Billy-o

    Billy-o Native

    Joined:
    Apr 19, 2018
    Messages:
    1,069
    Likes Received:
    407
    Location:
    Canada
    Any volcanos in Birmingham?
     
  3. Robson Valley

    Robson Valley Full Member

    Joined:
    Nov 24, 2014
    Messages:
    7,930
    Likes Received:
    1,194
    Location:
    McBride, BC
    That unsorted gravel layer is what we see in post glacial debris which has not been sorted by flowing water = moraines, that sort of thing.
    What's the lay of the land? Flat? Hilly?
    Yours is very fine, small stones. Our moraine deposits are junk to the size of old television sets.
    Anything left in the black line to indicate charcoal?

    Volcanic eruptions in western North America have left ash deposit layers for thousands of miles eastwards.
    If it is ash, might even have come from Iceland.
     
    Billy-o likes this.
  4. Billy-o

    Billy-o Native

    Joined:
    Apr 19, 2018
    Messages:
    1,069
    Likes Received:
    407
    Location:
    Canada
    Given where it is, could it just be an industrial artefact. Sooty air :)

    Sometimes that line is evidence of a change in the water level ... different types of plants leaving a different deposit
     
  5. Toddy

    Toddy Mod
    Mod

    Joined:
    Jan 21, 2005
    Messages:
    34,984
    Likes Received:
    1,310
    Location:
    S. Lanarkshire
    That dark layer looks like flooded land, peaty stuff. Not very deep though, is it ? You do find that kind of colouring sometimes where land has been dug over and organics (manure, old straw, seaweed, etc.,) added in for a year or two. Then left alone and the plants left in peace to root through the upper layers.

    It's very precise stratigraphy though, and very definite disparity between the layers.
    A scale would be useful, as would an idea of situation.

    Is the white gravelly stuff above a chalk matrix perchance ?

    Honestly, it looks like wet and dry horizons, but without context :dunno:

    Interesting though :)

    M
     
  6. petrochemicals

    petrochemicals Full Member

    Joined:
    Jul 30, 2012
    Messages:
    3,417
    Likes Received:
    160
    Location:
    westmidlands
    Up the side of a hill, or Mynd as it is, and quite near the top, so it's not flooded, there is peat all around, but to me the black layer is what gets left behind after land clearance. Icealnd is a few miles away, so to leave a deposit of any thickness it would have to be a large eruption, probably epoch ending. The underlying is slatesque rock etc.
     
    Robson Valley likes this.
  7. Robson Valley

    Robson Valley Full Member

    Joined:
    Nov 24, 2014
    Messages:
    7,930
    Likes Received:
    1,194
    Location:
    McBride, BC
    Mt Baker (in Washington state) is in the Ring of Fire. It smolders some steam pharts, most of the time.
    It blew, about 11,000 years ago. Onshore Pacific airflow at that time.
    That's how the Canadian prairies around Regina got a 2" ash layer from the eruption.
    That's more than 1,000 miles east. Volcanic ash regularly circles the globe.
     
  8. Toddy

    Toddy Mod
    Mod

    Joined:
    Jan 21, 2005
    Messages:
    34,984
    Likes Received:
    1,310
    Location:
    S. Lanarkshire

    Here you go :)
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longmyndian_Supergroup

    Does that ring any bells ?

    M
     
    petrochemicals likes this.
  9. petrochemicals

    petrochemicals Full Member

    Joined:
    Jul 30, 2012
    Messages:
    3,417
    Likes Received:
    160
    Location:
    westmidlands
    Yep that's the area. The fossils from the rock though are far deeper and, well rocky, and the soil will have been there no where near as long. I have looked into it before. All along the area there are ridges like Wenlock Edge and plains inbetween, not your glacial valleys.
     
  10. Toddy

    Toddy Mod
    Mod

    Joined:
    Jan 21, 2005
    Messages:
    34,984
    Likes Received:
    1,310
    Location:
    S. Lanarkshire
    We are taught that the end progression is peat. Everywhere, even in Africa, it'll be peat.....and here in my sodden wet bit of the world even the hills have peat.

    Andy's the fellow, he's a Geologist. Thinking on it though, he's not the only one on the forum.
    Interesting to hear what one of them makes of it :)

    M
     
  11. petrochemicals

    petrochemicals Full Member

    Joined:
    Jul 30, 2012
    Messages:
    3,417
    Likes Received:
    160
    Location:
    westmidlands
    I did not know that about peat bogs. The mynds are large flat top hills with peat bogs rising high above the valley, some are propper peat bogs that look like land slips and are inpassable, 6ft tall islands of solids with soft swamps inbetween.
     
  12. Toddy

    Toddy Mod
    Mod

    Joined:
    Jan 21, 2005
    Messages:
    34,984
    Likes Received:
    1,310
    Location:
    S. Lanarkshire
    You can get weird layers in situations like that. Leached soils and the like, as well as some where minerals, like iron, end up as bog iron and iron pan. Then if it is exposed it changes as it dries and weathers. If it's flooded and silted over, that'll change it again too.

    There's an awful lot more to the layering of the land than volcanic events. In some areas, where single catastrophic events like tsunami waves have deposited massive amounts of marine debris, it can leave even more confusion, especially as that can be quite definitely inland from the shore. Miles inshore in some instances.

    I didn't do much geology at Uni, but I admit I did find it, and the maps (the maps are glorious :D) quite fascinating really.

    M
     
    Billy-o likes this.
  13. Janne

    Janne M.A.B (Mad About Bushcraft)

    Joined:
    Feb 10, 2016
    Messages:
    12,035
    Likes Received:
    2,163
    Location:
    Grand Cayman, Norway, Sweden
    Beautiful, earthy colours!
     

Share This Page